Justin beat me to it! Methinks you have left out the most important part of the "configuration". What sleeping pad? That is actually the foundation (no pun intended), not an afterthought.
I can tell you that for any configuration you are gonna be very unhappy if you are sleeping on the ground. Moving up from there the other stuff that you need, minimum at least, would depend a lot on how beefy your pad is, so it is actually essential. I would venture to state it more dramatically, that if your pad is not sufficient there is probably no reasonable set of layers, however thick, to fix that since you will be compressing them (and hence lowering/removing a significant amount of their insulation) right where you touch the pad. So the proper way to think about it is (1) is my pad thick *enough* and then only (2) what layers do I need.
As to what layers to use, people's experience here is golden! I don't think it actually matters the order except for this rule - make sure you get minimum compression of the inner layers from any outer layer you put on since the compression will cut down the insulation. Thought the VB effect will be better next to the skin (less volume to humidify) I find wearing my rain jacket on the outside does a good job too. This is an old chestnut, but you can also put you feet inside your pack as a VB substitute, especially if it is a frameless one.
My personal experience, based on the fact that I am a cold sleeper, and also a wimp that hates being cold (perhaps my Mediterranean genes) and not a BAMF like many here, I find that if my head, hands and feet are not toasty nothing else matters. So when cold is an issue I have a down balaclava, down booties and down mittens, net weight about 4 oz, about the same as one of the base layers. Packs to nothing in my bag. I suspect this would allow me to pair back on my other insulation significantly if I were to experiment. However, see wimp admission above. LOL