Yes, I too had an actual experience though not in the Sierra since I would always bring some form of rain gear there no matter what.
About 10 years ago, late April, on the Sunol Wilderness Trail (not so aptly named, but that is another story). Everyone had told me it would be dam hot, prepare for it to be damn hot, and so on. I want to say there was a bad forecast, but I'm pretty sure I didn't look. The Mediterranean weather was just kicking in in the bay area, and we had not had rain in weeks. I was just gong UL at the time so I figured here is a good chance to go SUL. No rain gear. Had a windshirt as my primary insulation layer. Shelter only a light tarp. Started raining on day 2 and the temperature was only in the 50's. But all day wet, with it blowing, as soon as I stopped I was very cold. I was not just uncomfortable, but by the end of the day (I felt) really starting to function badly, with some anxiety about this as well. Alone and too far to just walk out. My designated camp spot was at the top of a bare airfoil with 30 mph winds and couldn't get warmed. Eventually found a big downed tree with two trunks to camp between with the tarp over top. I proudly wore my garbage bag (a real lifesaver) the next day on the way out. Anyway, a real eye-opener experience. Not saying I was in mortal danger, but I can say that even in such mild conditions you can get to a place of advanced misery. LOL Also was a bit of a noob and probably did not handle it optimally. For instance, didn't wear the garbage bag right away, and so on.
Anyway, I never had another story like that, because that taught me (like some others here) to always bring one in the future. The combo of cool but mild temperatures + wet + windy + plus a lot of time with the accumulated heat loss over say 10 hours was quite a bit more devastating than I had imagined in the abstract. My observation is that most/all people who advocate it will be alright without rain gear have not actually experienced this. My advice is if you want to leave the jacket behind then go out reach that point first (under controlled conditions), so you will know what you are actually risking and not what you just think you are risking. Then you can make an educated choice.
But of course you want the kind of rain jacket for those conditions you expect NOT to wear. You can get it down to about 6 oz for almost no money (Driducks) or fancy (Marmot Essence). You can make a poncho out groundsheet material and duct tape for less weight. If not any of those then the cheap plastic poncho in you emergency kit, but always bring a garbage bag! At least that is my 2 cents.