Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle
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Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 04/23/2007 12:49:24 MDT Print View

I'm new to the forums and see that I'm not the only one who's wanted to "lighten up" the classic Kelly Kettle.

The Classic

(through-link to Kelly Kettle image)

For background see these pages:

http://www.backpackinglight.com/cgi-bin/backpackinglight/reviews/display_reviews?forum_thread_id=1011&cat=Stoves%20%2D%20Other&cid=21

http://www.backpackinglight.com/cgi-bin/backpackinglight/xdpy/forum_thread/3262/index.html?skip_to_post=32209#32209

I'm working on a prototype of a leaner, meaner double-walled aluminum kettle, and I'm trying to gauge what kind of interest there is for this kind of cooking system. Here are the anticipated specs:
- under 5 oz total wt
- 14.5 oz water capacity
- approx 9" tall operating
- collapses to 7.25" x 3"
- welded aluminum construction
- carrying bag/ handling sleeve included in wt
-reusable mylar bags can be used to mix meals/ drinks (no need for additional pot)
- *a bit more delicate than the original, but what ultralight gear isn't? (still far more robust than a Foster's can!)
- $ Price = Depends on welding cost - I'll update

Right now I have the prototype all cut out of sample components and I'm trying to find someone in the area to do the welding for a good price. Other than the samples I'm working with, there is a minumum order of about 150 for each of the components I'm using, so there would need to be a good deal of interest if I were to make more than one.

Here are my questions:
1. How much interest is there in this kind of stove?
2. How much would people pay for it? (broad range, I know it will depend on finish quality)
3. Are these the kinds of specs people are looking for? Larger means heavier, and worse, bulkier.

I'll provide pictures when it's all done.

Thanks!

Edited by dsmontgomery on 03/27/2010 07:29:20 MDT.

Steve Martell
(Steve) - MLife

Locale: Eastern Washington
RE: Improved Kelly Kettle on 04/23/2007 15:51:05 MDT Print View

Sounds good. I’d pay about $50-?? for one if it had the right specs.

Suggestions:

*Capacity should be 16oz--most meals require this amount
*Inner wall could be very thin--better heat transfer and less weight.
*Increase heat transfer by increasing inside surface area--add 10-20 vertical “fins” (1/4" to 1/2" wide)welded to inside chimney surface. These would run the full height of kettle. Will increase costs but greatly improve efficiency
*Add outer insulator (like jet boil)--thin neoprene or equivalent.
Steve

Edited by Steve on 04/24/2007 23:08:30 MDT.

Michael Schwartz
(greenwalk) - MLife

Locale: PA & Ireland
Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 04/23/2007 16:04:04 MDT Print View

Devin,

I'd be interested in hearing/seeing more. You might consider posting the same message at the G-Spot section in these forums; I think more people will see it over there. Good luck with your project. Looking forward to updates. Mike

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: RE: Improved Kelly Kettle on 04/28/2007 11:54:22 MDT Print View

Thanks for the suggestions, Steve. I think you're absolutely right about about the capacity and the inner wall. I'm trying to find a container that's a bit larger with the same wall thickness for the next version.

Your idea of fins is ingenious - it would function like a radiator, only it would efficiently collect heat rather than efficiently dispersing it. My concerns with installing those would be price and the fact that fuel might get stuck on them as you feed this kettle from the top.

I'm also looking for an inuslating material for the outside that would be light and durable enough. Do you know what light weight neoprene weighs per sq. ft? I've been thinking about making a carring bag out of a 4.5 oz/yd PBI/Kevlar material (like nomex, only lighter). You could then fold it up to make a sleeve and stuff in some socks, etc. into the sleeve and use the whole container for a winter thermos.

Anyway, my almost full sized version is at the shop to be welded and I hope to get it back early next week.

In the mean time, check out the "test of concept" model I made a couple weeks ago out of seltzer, mini coke, and Red Bull cans, the top from and aluminum Budlight bottle and some JB Weld.

Not the final version!


It weighs 1.2 oz, holds 4 oz, and I got it to boil in under 1:30 on less than .5 oz of carboard box while taking these pictures. Sure it's a bit small, the fire box won't last through 10 burns, and the water comes out tasting a bit like high temp. epoxy solvents, but it sure was fun, and really got me excited about this kind of boiler.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 04/28/2007 12:06:18 MDT.

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 04/28/2007 11:58:54 MDT Print View

Thanks, Mike. I think I'll definitely get it up in the G-spot once my prototype is finished and I've been able to run it through some tests. There sure seems to be more traffic there.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 04/28/2007 11:59:41 MDT.

Steve Martell
(Steve) - MLife

Locale: Eastern Washington
Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 04/28/2007 15:31:13 MDT Print View

3mm neoprene can be purchased here:

http://www.questoutfitters.com/neoprene.htm

Not very heavy – a 4"x4" square is 10grams.

You could eliminate the fire pan to save some weight. A piece of foil under the kettle with the kettle tilted up by a small rock will work almost as well. One could also make a "donut trough" to hold alcohol for times when dry twigs are not available. This would keep the flame(s) burning near the inside wall of the kettle to maximize heat transfer. Good luck Devin--no one to my knowledge has yet built a light weight and efficient KK. You could be the first!

Edited by Steve on 04/28/2007 15:35:29 MDT.

Joshua Mitchell
(jdmitch) - F

Locale: Kansas
CF Plumbers Cloth? on 05/01/2007 08:37:51 MDT Print View

Sgt Rock mentioned working with some CF Plumbers Cloth that is flame resistant and fairly insulative. Might be an option rather than the neoprene...

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 05/02/2007 22:01:48 MDT Print View

Steve - thanks for the source and the ideas for the stove. Many thanks for the words of encouragement. You're vicious when it comes to saving weight, but I'll give the "rock 'n foil" thing a shot when I get the kettle back from the shop - if that ever happens. For my next version, I'll just make the whole thing out of Ti foil and finish it off by rigging up an aerogel cozy!

I had the same idea about an alcohol burner, or esbit chunk for woodless days, and your trough would distribute the flame rather than send it straight up the chimney.

Josh- I think that plumber's cloth is pretty close to the PBI/Kevlar mix I was considering. Once I have the kettle to mess with, I'll try to figure out if I'm going to go with a fabric like these, a foam, reflectix, or a combination. I'll be going for light and multi-use where possible.

As things are right now, it looks like I won't get it back until sometime next week. The shop I took it to only has one guy that's good with Aluminum this thin and he's pretty well booked. Better that than having a newbie on it, I guess.

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: Re: Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 05/14/2007 08:17:23 MDT Print View

Argh - bad news. I got a message from the shop where I left the kettle saying that it was to thin to weld. That's pretty frustration considering the fact that I dropped it off three weeks ago when they said it wouldn't be a problem.

One possibility is that it is too thin, and that the guy I left it with didn't know what he was talking about, and the other is that they're too busy with other, larger, jobs to mess with a difficult, small, job like this one. The latter is a real possibility, as they were most frequently out of the shop with on-site jobs when I would call to check up on the status of my piece.

At this point, I think I'm going to pick the kettle up from the shop and temporarily set it up with *sigh* Jb Weld. Even though I won't have something that I can use to boil consumable water, at least I'll be able to determine the performance of the other parts of the system, just not the sealing method.

So, it's a setback, but not an insurmountable one. I'll post pictures and data from my tests of the kettle once it's mocked up. I'll also do some searching for the minimum weldable thickness of aluminum, and other sealing methods. I know that the Kelly Kettle company rolls their seams and spin forms their components, but that opens up a whole new can of worms and much larger minimum production numbers.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 05/14/2007 08:21:25 MDT.

Michael Schwartz
(greenwalk) - MLife

Locale: PA & Ireland
Re: Re: Re: Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 05/14/2007 09:12:02 MDT Print View

That is a bit of bad news, but like you said it's a setback, not the end of the line. I think you are really on to a winner if the kettle works well and is light cause many ultralight backpackers only need to boil water to make hot drinks and rehydrate food--but do not need to cook. The Bushbuddy has the advantage of giving people the option to boil or cook, but like I said, many don't need to cook, and the kettle means that the backpacker doesn't need a pan/pot. Having said that, I see from the Kelly Kettle that an add-on grill and cook pot are options--and may be possible with your design too. I think it's worth pursuing your idea. Hang in there! --Mike

Christopher Plesko
(Pivvay) - F

Locale: Rocky Mountains
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 05/14/2007 16:26:09 MDT Print View

How thin is it? I've welded down to 35 thou aluminum before and a bit thinner than that shouldn't be an issue.

Edited by Pivvay on 05/14/2007 16:41:42 MDT.

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: Ultralight Kelly / Storm / Volcano Kettle on 05/16/2007 22:04:00 MDT Print View

Thanks for the support, Mike!

Chris - I don't know exactly how thick the vessel itself is. The thickness wasn't listed by the Al bottle wholesaler I got the sample from and I don't have a micrometer. My guess is that it is .02 or thinner. On a side issue - I read in an old post that you were working on something like this - any luck?

Anyway, I got it back from the shop and I could see that they had tried to weld it, but were unsuccessful, and I'm frankly glad they stopped before it ruined the whole container. As soon as I got it back, I set it up with JB Weld, waited the obligatory 24 hrs and fired it up. See the photos and key below:



Photo 1 - the kettle as originally planned, collapsed into pack mode with a plastic stopper in place so it can hold reserve or cooking water while carried.

Photo 2 - original design cooking. The firebox really wasn't large enough and it took about 10 minutes of fiddling to get a good boil. Check out the kindling - cut up carboard. It's not very good compared to small dry sticks, but I couldn't find any in our miniature yard.

Photo 3 - a surprisingly quick fix - I assembled and cut up a cylinder from some .019 Al sheet and a few blind rivets.

Photo 4 - the new setup weighed with a larger gain than I wanted. After firing, I determined I could cut this down by .5" - .75" and get the weight to about 4.5 oz - leaving it .5 oz under my goal to allow for a cozy/carrying bag yet to be made. The holes in the cap that make it look like a pig's snout minimize heat loss and maximize the amount of water that will stay in the kettle (rather than boiling out).

Photo 5: Still packs up small and fits my original size goals. In addition to the vessel holding water while packed, I imagine the carring sack holding it all together and covering the top hole so that dry starter kindling, starter tabs, matches, flint, etc. can be stored in the chimney.

Photo 6: A much, much better boil this time around. It took just under 6 min, but I ran out of pre-cut cardbord half way through, and I'm sure I could do far better with a better fuel. Some water did go out the snout, and I had a net boiled water volume of 14oz.

All in all, I still get a kick from the thing. After half a dozen boils, I may taste test the water. JB Weld is supposed to be non-toxic and I imagine the water should act as an effective enough heat sink to keep the JB in contact with it below the critical 500 deg continuous operating temp, but I still don't entirely trust it.

If the water it produces ends up tasting okay, I'll bring it with me on my next trip, but I definitely won't be ordering 140 of those bottles. I'm now conviced that it would take a complete revamp to move this from a one off "make your own" to something with greater appeal. I'm going to look into that this summer, but in the meantime, I'll add posts on the fate of this one.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 05/16/2007 22:17:10 MDT.

john lara
(jlara)
Any news on this project? on 12/16/2008 09:13:28 MST Print View

I love the whole Kelly-style boiler model...any news on this project? I use a Trangia and a model that would take both Trangia and wood would be wonderful!

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: Any news on this project? on 12/16/2008 15:43:49 MST Print View

Thanks for the interest John! It’s actually kind of absurd how obsessed with making a workable version of this kettle I’ve become. I have made some real progress, but it’s been slow given the amount of time I have to commit to the project. Here’s more than you ever wanted to know:

I gave up on trying to make it out of available components, and decided I would have to start from scratch - bare aluminum sheet. So I downloaded Google’s Sketchup (awesome program for novice 3-d design), and designed a vessel and fire base that would weigh about 5 oz together, pack to 3 3/4" by 6 1/2", and boil and carry approximately 20 oz of water. Then I made a working mock-up of my design with aluminum sheet, some blind rivets, and JB-weld. The mock-up came in at about 5.8 oz (added weight was from rivets and epoxy), and could boil 20 oz of water in just under 6 minutes from lighting a match (awesome!). I did a number of tests (my notes are around here somewhere), and I think it took just about 2 oz of sticks for a good boil. They burned down to absolutely nothing, save a few white wisps of ash. I was really impressed with its weight and performance, and that my calculations and design had been pretty good.

So I sent copies of my design files and technical specs to a number of metal spinning and hydroforming shops for quotes to build a legit prototype. I knew this would be a big expense, but again, I was obsessed, and I figured I could probably sell enough of these to at least recoup some of the overhead for temporary mandrels (forms). Unfortunately, I found that the places that worked with the cheaper tooling (only $800 for the set I needed :) ) weren’t able to get the final material thickness I wanted, and the kettle would end up being 2-3x as heavy as designed. I did find some higher-end places that could get the thickness right, but only worked in permanent tooling that would run me about $6-7K. This was obviously more than I could spend, even if I could recoup some of it by selling a few.

I then decided to see if I could just make it myself, so I got some books on metal spinning and bought a low-end wood turning lathe, and some other shop tools. I got the necessary materials to convert the lathe to metal-spinning and to make my own spinning tools, and did so relatively easily despite my complete lack of experience. Then I got some maple and made the mandrels for the 3 pieces need to make the kettle and the aluminum sheet to form around them. I originally thought the mandrels had come out pretty good, but either because of the flimsy, cheap lathe, or the fact that I made them out of solid, unseasoned maple (instead of several laminated sections as was suggested), they ended up a bit warped. Despite their imperfection, I tried to spin the fire base because it was the smallest piece. Unfortunately, in addition to being flimsy, the available speeds on the lathe were too high and its power was too low to properly spin the metal without stalling the motor or stretching the metal to the point that it would tear.

I now have a better lathe with more power and the proper speeds. Unfortunately, my “workshop” is on the balcony of our 1 BR apartment, so all efforts have ceased for the winter. Once things warm up again, I’ll make some new mandrels and give this another shot.

Here's a close-up of the mock-up:



Here are a few of my spinning attempts, getting progressively better until the end where I tried to use even thinner sheet. As you can see, each has torn at the shoulder as a result of being overworked at high rpms:



Oh - and to answer your actual question about a Trangia - I haven't tried it with one of those, but it should work with burners that are small enough to fit in the base and have a flame pattern wide enough so the heat has good contact with the walls before heading up and out of the chimney.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 03/12/2010 09:13:59 MST.

Paul Tree
(Paul_Tree) - F

Locale: Wowwww
spin hot? on 12/16/2008 16:08:36 MST Print View

Lofty goal! Do you use heat besides that of the tooling while working or during rest periods to allow the stresses to dissapate? Copper should go easier? Although heavier, but 2x the heat transfer of aluminum could be worth it.

Edited by Paul_Tree on 12/16/2008 16:26:13 MST.

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: spin hot? on 12/16/2008 16:21:01 MST Print View

Make that twice the heat transfer and 3.5 times the weight.

I've considered a copper chimney for a kelly kettle, but I can get most of the heat out of the flue gases by the time they exit so I don't thnk it's worth the weight penalty. If you cool the exhaust gases too much they stall and choke the stove.

Paul Tree
(Paul_Tree) - F

Locale: Wowwww
made it! on 12/16/2008 16:34:14 MST Print View

Yah, made it 2x.
3.5 times the weight - ow.
At least it would be protected in there.
Interesting about the low-temp stall.

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: spin hot? on 12/16/2008 16:55:22 MST Print View

>Lofty goal!

No joke! Thanks for putting it so kindly, Paul. :)

A philosophy major, my only knowledge of metallurgy comes from what I've read researching for this project, and my sources tell me that aluminum generally doesn't need to be annealed while spinning. Almost all spinning is done cold, but it is recommended that copper be annealed periodically while working on a piece to do exactly what you suggest - reduce hardening from the cold-working.

For my purposes - focusing on both light weight and minimized pack volume over absolute efficiency, I chose a compact, aluminum design for the project. Once I have it all worked out in Al (no small task, right?), I'd sure like to make one in Copper for its good looks.

Edited by dsmontgomery on 12/16/2008 16:56:20 MST.

Paul Tree
(Paul_Tree) - F

Locale: Wowwww
good looks on 12/16/2008 19:24:16 MST Print View

Maybe home anodizing? It might not get messed up too bad by the heat. Or it might, and look really cool.
Like a logo, it could be a stencil that sticks on and stays throughout the process. Made out of a sticker, or tape.


You could blacken inside the cone for the alcohol stovers.

Devin Montgomery
(dsmontgomery) - MLife

Locale: one snowball away from big trouble
Re: good looks on 12/16/2008 21:02:49 MST Print View

Right on! I looked into hard anodizing for at least the inside of the kettle in order to make it easier to clean and to prevent aluminum from leaching into the water. It would be a great way to put a logo on the outside, and more importantly, a warning not to heat it when the stopper is in place (steam bomb). I called a local place, and it would only cost $5-10 per piece if I did a number of kettles at the same time. The only problem might again be that the metal is so thin that the high voltages they use for the hard anodizing might burn through, so I'd have to test it on one first.

For the black chimney - fortunately, after just a burn or two, the soot from the wood makes it nice and black!