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The Coastal Trail in Winter, Lake Superior Provincial Park
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Ike Jutkowitz
(Ike) - M

Locale: Central Michigan
The Coastal Trail in Winter, Lake Superior Provincial Park on 02/02/2013 10:11:53 MST Print View

People worry about hiking alone in winter, but it’s the drive that’ll kill you. What should have been a six hour drive had stretched into a white-knuckled nine as I made my way north along slick-black roads through a Michigan ice storm and into an Ontario blizzard.

So it was that I found myself on the rugged Superior shoreline at Agawa Bay, preparing to hike the Coastal Trail. I had not been able to find much beta on the trail, other than this 2009 trip report by Steve Evans, and frequent allusions by others to the difficulties of the trail. Regardless, I had become enamored of the stark and desolate beauty of this region and was willing to make the effort to experience more.

“Caution. Slippery, steep, and rugged trail sections ahead!”
The woods were thick with snow and I would not see another human or even their footprints for the next 4 days.

I was disappointed once again to find a lack of shelf ice in this area. I had hoped for the additional security when traversing some of the steeper icy shoreline sections to come.

I had left my house at 2 am as I commonly do for the longer drives. It was now just after noon and I soon stopped on a flat topped rock overlooking the bay to enjoy my lunch. Today’s entrée was a spicy calabrese salame served with wedges of gorgonzola, English cheddar, and a cranberry Wensleydale.

agawa bay
As I continued on, clouds parted and I got a glorious view of the bay and surrounding hills.

Soon I was climbing out of Agawa Bay along forested cliffs. This pattern would repeat itself over and over: Scramble/hike the rocky coves, climbing into the woody headlands where the sloping terrain precluded safe passage along the shoreline. Each had their own challenges. The coves generally did not have sand beaches. Instead, there was a cobble of basketball- to volkswagon-sized rock that required hopping, scrambling, or crawling to get through. The solid covering of snow and ice made this an ankle-breakingly slow proposition. In contrast, the headlands often required climbing up or squeezing through stone formations and crevices, again hampered by snow and ice. These aerobic endeavors and the frequent need to probe for snow bridges again made for a cautious pace.

Climbing the headlands. Don’t let the serious expression fool you. This was serious fun

Ice formations on Lake Superior as seen from above

Islands off the coast by Agawa Rock

A submerged sea dragon slumbers in the gathering dusk

As darkness fell, I made my way down toward the next rocky cove. There I found a perfect campsite nested just within the treeline. Each cove typically had one or two such campsites and over the next days, I would often go out of my way to look at them, so welcoming they seemed.

Stopping to admire the view before gathering water for the night. A wide mouth bottle on a string made it easier to avoid a soaking from the waves or a fall through thin shelf ice.

As my dinner (an extra tomato-ey chicken pasta) rehydrated, I sipped on my beverage du jour, a little something I had not so cleverly named a “Superior Jack.” It was equal parts Jack Daniels and Lake Superior, served hot.

“If you don’t love yourself…” A little after dinner treat.

The night passed warmly. In the morning, I hung my quilt to air out as I drank coffee and got packed up. It was at this time that it started to rain. I quickly threw all of my insulation and outer layers into my quilt’s waterproof stuffsack, choosing to hike in only my baselayers and rainsuit to keep everything else dry. Sub-30 and rainy is probably my least favorite weather to hike in, but the strenuous nature of the trail kept me warm despite the dampness.

Taking brief shelter from the rain in a cave

Scenes like these marked a departure from coastline to headlands for obvious reasons

A typical “lemon-squeezer” in the headlands. I'd often need to doff my pack and drag it through these narrow crevices

Ancient Ojibwe pictographs dating back hundreds of years have been carved into this cliff face and can be seen from the sloping ledge. The most famous of these is the image of a two-horned cat. I guessed I didn’t want to see it that badly.

Given the continued rain, I kept my camera tucked away in my pack most of the day, but couldn’t resist pulling it out now and again for scenes like these. I was finding it very difficult though to capture the stark beauty of the Canadian Shield, but that didn’t stop me from trying

On a smooth slope with a gentle grade, I unexpectedly slipped and fell through a snow bridge, my left leg plunging in to mid thigh. Counterbalanced by my pack, I felt the strain in my knee before I could recover. The twinge would last for another 48 hours, a constant reminder that even the seemingly innocuous areas of the trail could have dangers hidden beneath the snow.

I continued on until dark. Coming to yet another rocky cove, I found a small campsite clearing in the trees and quickly threw up my tarp. The rain had really intensified at this point, and my rainsuit had apparently not done much to keep me dry. I was drenched, particularly where I had frequently contacted the snow while unintentionally glissading down icy slopes (ie my backside). Inside my shelter, I changed into dry layers and stuffed all my wet clothes into a plastic bag. I would use these as a pillow overnight to keep them warm. I was not going back outside for anything at this point, so I heated water using an esbit tab inside the shelter, pressing my face to the lower edge of the tarp to avoid the resulting fumes. The crash of the surf and the raindrops against my tarp lulled me into a cozy sleep. Waking briefly in the night, I snuggled deeper into my quilt, glad to be dry and warm.

The next morning was overcast and cold, but I was relieved to see the rain had stopped. After an egg, sausage, and mushroom breakfast casserole and a hearty cup of coffee, I prepared to move on. Putting all of my wet clothing back on, I hiked briskly for the next several hours to allow my body heat to dry them. By 11 am, everything had been “reclaimed” except for my socks.

rugged coast
The rugged coast. I stayed to the right of the fault line

Self timer failure at a scenic cove

The trail goes where?

Stone cairns mark the trail along the exposed coastline. Coyote tracks generally mark its passage through the woods

boulder maze
The boulder maze of a typical cove

Over the course of the day, temperatures continued to drop and snow intensified. Crossing the frozen Barrett River, I came across a set of wolf tracks. While similar to the numerous coyote tracks in the area, the paws were so big you could fit at least 3 coyote prints inside. Locals would later tell me that the wolves were skittish and would run at the sight of humans. They had been known to steal dogs from the village in recent years though…

sand river
Biting wind and blizzard conditions by the Sand River Dunes

A brief respite from the snow. I decided to angle toward the treeline

snow cairn
Trail markers were not always evident, but the route was intuitive, and there was an ever-present landmark to keep the hiker from ever becoming truly lost. When in doubt, the coyotes could generally be trusted to know the way.

Back into the maelstrom


As the sun began to sink, I took shelter beneath a tree, my tarp quickly blending into the background. I enjoyed a mug full of Superior Jack by the woodstove as dinner, a hearty moose stew, rehydrated.

The view from my porch

Snow continued to accumulate and I soon retired to my tarp for the night. By 3 am, it was noticeably cooler and I pulled on a light jacket before drifting back to sleep. Snowmobilers at the trailhead would later tell me that temperatures had dropped to -25 C that night.

snowed in
Unfortunately, time had run out. The next morning upon reaching Bald Head, I hiked out to the imperial highway and made my way back to my car on foot. Anticlimactically, I was able to cover the entire distance in about 6 hours, a tribute to the challenges of the route, but a blow to the ego nonetheless.

Post-trip thoughts:
As I developed my pictures, I quickly realized that I had failed to capture the wonder, challenge, stark beauty, and sheer fun of this amazing place. Given the time, I would return to finish this route in winter in a heartbeat, and I will surely return to see it again in other seasons.

Edited by Ike on 02/02/2013 15:04:11 MST.

Nico .
(NickB) - MLife

Locale: Los Padres National Forest
The Coastal Trail in Winter on 02/02/2013 11:02:59 MST Print View

Another great report Ike! Thanks for sharing.

Looks like some challenging conditions between the terrain and weather. I can only imagine how the boulder hopping and scrambling in and out of the coves in snow and ice slows your pace down. That sort of stuff makes for a mentally, if not physically, exhausting hike.

I've been following your other thread about how best to manage moisture/wet clothes from this trip with interest. I don't find myself in those kinds of conditions very often, so I'm anxious to learn more. I keep going back and forth about whether a bivy helps in cold situations or not. Like you, I find the inside of the bivy covered in frost, but I swear my quilt seems colder in the bivy in these conditions than when I've slept without the bivy in similar temps. Anyway, glad you started that other dialogue.

What camera did you end up with on these trips? I've noticed you've been working a bit more on the photos these last couple of trips and had some great results. I'm especially liking the somewhat haunting long exposure photo of you walking along the lake shore from this trip. It's got an eerie, ethereal feel to it.



Edited by NickB on 02/02/2013 11:03:29 MST.

Andrew F
(andrew.f) - F - M

Locale: San Francisco Bay Area
Re: Coastal Trail in Winter on 02/02/2013 11:26:10 MST Print View

Hey Ike,

Wow, great trip. Good job getting out there in not-so-optimal conditions. I always look forward to your TRs, though I usually end up really hungry for a cheese spread by the end... :)

A few questions-
What did you use for snow travel? I can't tell if those are skis or snowshoes on top of your pack. How much did you use them vs just postholing?
How hard was it for you to find dry wood? I'm always impressed to see you cooking on your bushbuddy in your winter trips.
Was the R1 top sufficient while hiking in those temps/conditions?


samuel smillie
(sam_smillie) - F

Locale: central canada
Thanks! on 02/02/2013 11:45:41 MST Print View

Awesome Ike!

Thanks for posting about your trip. I really enjoyed reading about your journey and the beautiful pictures you took.

Lake Superior will always hold a special place in my heart because it was here that I was introduced to backpacking with an amazing 6 night, late April trip. We started from the North coming in Gargantua road and worked our way south where it got progressively easier (or at least safer). We had numerous slips on the mossy rocks of Gargantua following a rain. By the time we had reached Agawa bay and woke to a white landscape, we felt pretty lucky to have been out of the hairy stuff. Needless to say after that trip I was hooked haha.

I don't think I would have felt comfortable doing your trip alone, at least not without walking the section again in better weather prior to doing it in full on winter. Kudos.

I was curious that you choose to put all of your wet clothing into your waterproof 'pillow' bag. Usually I at least dry out my day hiking socks inside my bag with me for the next day. Also put my hiking boots in a plastic bag inside to prevent freezing. Were you too concerned about wetting out your quilt or is that a system you just prefer? Thanks, again.


(RobertM2S) - M

Locale: Lake Tahoe
Too dangerous on 02/02/2013 18:10:46 MST Print View

Don’t go on this trip solo, it’s too dangerous. Something like this might happen: “On a smooth slope with a gentle grade, I unexpectedly slipped and fell through a snow bridge, my left leg plunging in to mid thigh. Counterbalanced by my pack, I felt the strain in my knee before I could recover. The twinge would last for another 48 hours, a constant reminder that even the seemingly innocuous areas of the trail could have dangers hidden beneath the snow.” Oh, you already went on this trip. Never mind.

Steven Paris
(saparisor) - M

Locale: Pacific Northwest
The Coastal Trail in Winter, Lake Superior Provincial Park on 02/02/2013 19:35:43 MST Print View

Another amazing report, Ike. Michigan's State Tourism department should just link to your TR's; you make this stuff seem appealing some how.

"Ancient Ojibwe pictographs dating back hundreds of years have been carved into this cliff face and can be seen from the sloping ledge. The most famous of these is the image of a two-horned cat. I guessed I didn’t want to see it that badly."

When I read the above, I was looking at the photo, thinking, "Don't do it, don't do it." Glad you didn't, that sloping ledge could have been your last!

Dan Durston
(dandydan) - F

Coastal Trail - Superior Prov Park on 02/02/2013 19:37:39 MST Print View

Wonderful hike Ike. Thanks for the reminder about this great place. I've gotta make it down there soon.

Stephen M
(stephenm) - MLife

Locale: Mind your own business
Re: Coastal Trail - Superior Prov Park on 02/04/2013 11:49:17 MST Print View

Great report Ike, Lake Superior Provincial Park is always well worth exploring, I much prefer it than the UP.

Ike Jutkowitz
(Ike) - M

Locale: Central Michigan
re: Coastal Trail on 02/05/2013 07:57:00 MST Print View

@Nick- I ended up going with a NEX-6. Mostly shooting with a 24/1.8 prime lens. I'll occasionally bring a telephoto lens when looking for wildlife or long range shots. I figured that between you and Jacob I had built in tech support.

@Andrew- For this trip, I used snowshoes. The wind along the coastline tends to keep the snow depth very manageable for those parts of the trail. In the woods, because I was needing to remove the shoes so frequently for climbing, I often ended up just postholing along for the sake of efficiency.

Finding dry twigs is usually not too hard. Also, once you get the bushbuddy going, it will easily dry and burn just about anything. I would not recommend a woodburning stove in winter for most people, but I do enjoy its simplicity, such that it's been 5 years since I carried my white gas stove. With the long dark winter nights, I have nothing better to do than feed twigs into the fire and enjoy the ambiance. I also being able to keep heating drinks without consideration for carried fuel. It should be noted that I rarely need to melt snow for water. If I did, a bigger pot and maybe more efficient stove would be handy.

I have found the R1 plus wool base layer plus wind shirt fully adequate for most conditions as long as I'm on the move. The lowest I've used this combination is down to -17F. When cross-country skiing, it is often too warm.

@Samuel- I try not to dry anything in my quilt to minimize condensation. I carry a plastic bag to keep my insulating clothing in during the day, and at night I'll use this to keep my damp clothes in if needed so that they stay warm. Usually though, I am able to stay pretty dry just by regulating layers and pace. Weather conditions were a little trickier on this particular trip.

@Robert- Thank you for your concern, and I believe this a valid point to bring up for those would would consider similar trips. In the end, everyone needs to decide for themselves the level of risk that they are comfortable managing. This trip was particularly satisfying to me because of the unique challenges it offered. I found the route to be painstakingly slow but not unduly difficult. I should also mention that there is a major road than runs through the park, and it would be rare that I was ever more than 1/2 mile from it, should the need for evacuation arise. I purposely included the mishap you quoted though so as not to trivialize the risks to someone considering the route.

Thanks all for the nice comments.

Ryan Smith
(ViolentGreen) - F

Locale: Southeast
Wow on 02/05/2013 18:27:14 MST Print View


What a terrific looking trip! One of those that I would love to do, but frankly I don't have the courage or competency to ever attempt a trip that heavy. Kudos.


Scott Truong

Locale: Vancouver, BC
Re: The Coastal Trail in Winter, Lake Superior Provincial Park on 02/06/2013 16:16:09 MST Print View

As usual, awesome pictures and trip report Ike. Has me thinking maybe going back to Manitoba this weekend might not be so bad.