Generally, 600-650FP down only has a slight advantage over top quality synthetics. Because it is down, the cost is usually quite a bit higher.
Insulation for the 600 down is slightly better than synthetics when dry.
Insulation for synthetics is slightly better if it is damp.
Insulation for either is poor if they are wet but far better than good 800+fill down. Synthetics will dry quicker, though.
Cost is significantly higher to purchase down.
Cost per year (prorated over 20 years) is significantly less per year for down.
600FP down will pack no smaller than good synthetics, but suffer less damage than synthetics.
It is difficult to compare 600FP down and synthetics because they each have different characteristics that can be usefull under differing conditions. For example, I use a good down, 1#11 bag here in the NE. It has a good pertex shell for shedding occasional spindrift, but requires some experience with campsite selection, a good tarp and pad to maintain itself over a couple or three continuous days/nights of rain. Being lax for even 20 minutes over 72 hours will leave you miserable if it gets wet.
600FP down is neither really warm, light, or very compressible. But, it is far more forgiving. Wet is never fun, but 600fp down will retain some warmth, unlike good 800fp down, which will simply mat into an 1/4" of wetness. Synthetics are slightly better.
Overall, I would say to save your dollars, buy a synthetic for a year or two. These can be had for $30-$50 at Wally World. Use it for two years to get experience with avoiding wet gear in wet campsites. Put the savings with some extra dollars at the end of that time (about the time the synthetics start breaking down-about 30 usefull nights) and then get a good 800fp bag.
A dry bag in any wet conditions is nearly manditory. If you need to sleep on wet ground (not forest duff) you need a good ground cloth. Watch out for the sides of hills, dips that can collect water and other low lying areas. Look for slight mounds and areas that clearly have good water run-off. (Overhead hazards, far enough off a trail, few or no people "sign", good bear-bag trees, etc.)
If you don't plan to do that much camping, maybe 3 weekends a year, then go ahead and get the 600FP down. It will easily last 20 years and the occasional use doesn't really justify a $400 bag.