The correct next to skin layer for vapor barrier is Brynje fishnet (http://www.brynje.no, then switch to the english language version). There used to be some US based mail-order retailers where you could order this stuff. The netting is polypropylene, which absorbs essentially zero moisture, and the holes in the fishnet allow sweat to evaporate. Assuming the vest is not tight-fitting at the arms, there should be enough bellows effect to get most of the the water vapor out from your back.
If you are sweating so much that your pants are getting wet, then you need to crank down on your insulation. In winter, feeling slightly chilly is better than getting all your clothes wet. Also, the first place to add insulation when you are feeling chilly is your head. Up to 2" of insulation, like in those thick Russion or Mongolian fur hats.
I certainly don't recommend wearing vapor barrier 24 x 7. This will cause all sorts of skin problems. If you pull such a stunt with vapor barrier on your feet (i.e. if you wear vapor barrier 24 x 7 on your feet), you may find yourself crippled in a matter of a single day with trench foot.
BTW polypropylene picks up stink pretty easily. Given that you are only using a vapor barrier vest, I would recomment cutting off the arms of the fishnet top, so that the fishnet doesn't pick up underarms odors. Also, if the vest is tight aroundn the shoulders, then slit the sides open a little to allow more ventilation. My experience is that back perspiration doesn't smell. On the other hand, the oils from your back and neck will eventually get into the polypropylene and you'll need to use hot water and strong detergent to get these oils out, since they'll go rancid and stink otherwise (but don't use such hot water that the polypropylene melts). But this will take several weeks to get this much oil into the fishnet, especially in winter, and the oil won't go rancid until you get out of the cold.