There are a number of books.
"Engineer To Win" by Carroll Smith, a race car guys guide to metallurgy and high performance race cars, written in 1985 so a little dated. But good. (Amazon.com)
"The New Science of Strong Materials" by J E Gordon, also a little dated.9amazon.com)
"Bicycle Metallurgy for the cyclist" by Hayduk (amazon.com)I owned the version published about 1982, and there may be a second edition.
Depending upon how serious you are in terms of "buying" knowledge, there are several technical books such as:
Titanium and Titanium Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications by Christoph Leyens and Manfred Peters (Hardcover - Oct 17, 2003)
Buy new: $305.00 $260.66
11 Used & new from $195.00 (amazon.com)
You can find a number of metallurgy texts (used) on amazon.com in the subfields of physical metallurgy, mechanical metallurgy and there are specialized books on specific metal alloy classes as well.
A general text that is sometimes available inexpensively is "Engineering Materials: Properties and Selection" by Budinski and Budinski - 6th edition or later.