" I believe that I have an inherent right as a human being to enjoy "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" to the best of my ability. But I don't have a right to much else, I have to work for it."
Well, you have an alleged *right* as an American to those freedoms, but not as a human being. Most humans that have lived throughout history have not even had those rights.
But even as an American you do not truly have all those rights. The very nature of government means you give up some of your *rights* for the good of society as a whole. Thus you must pay taxes, and obey all laws set by your government or else all your rights can be taken away. You don't even have the right to pursue happiness if that happiness involves the use of drugs that the government has deemed are not your right to use, even if you're not hurting anyone else.
"We could make an arrangement among ourselves to care for the ill or injured and teach each other what we could and divide the labor, etc."
Exactly. That is what a compassionate society does. If not, then that society is making it pretty clear that anyone who is too young, too old, ill, injured or otherwise disadvantaged (like being born to the 'wrong' parents) is of no value to that society, and it would be more efficient to just get rid of them. If that's a society you would be comfortable in, the maybe you can carve off a new country of like-minded people. But America, more than any other country, was founded on Christian principles. Christ taught the ignorant, fed the poor and healed the sick. It was his life's work. He gave up his life and liberty to defend this ideal. And I'm not even a Christian...
"Whether it's ten people or three-hundred million, it's all the same to me. We can agree to make laws awarding entitlements to people, but they're not rights."
Sounds like semantics to me. So what is it...a *right* to bear arms or an entitlement?