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George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/08/2011 08:25:06 MDT Print View

Rog, thanks for going over chart. I check those links. Tried to create a quick list of El Nino versus La Nina by years. Got confusing. Do you already have such a list?

my feeble attempt...

La Niña - unusually cold ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific,
El Niño - unusually warm ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific.

El Nino 1982-1983

La Niña 1985

El Niños 1986-1987

Neither 1988-1990

El Niños 1991-1992

El Niños 1993

El Niños 1994

La Niña 1995

Neither 1996

El Niños 1997-1998

La Nina 1999-2000

El Nino 2003

La Nina 2005

El Nino 2006

El Nino 2009

La Nina 2010

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/08/2011 08:28:19 MDT Print View

or a ocean temperature chart that has el nino and la nina years with shading

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/08/2011 09:17:42 MDT Print View

George: Here you go.

.enso 1950-2011

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/08/2011 18:51:16 MDT Print View

Rog, That's it! I think I have a good understanding now about the sea surface temperature.

Two of the other areas that I remain confused:

solar activity

clouds (especially like when there is a huge volcano or even really big forest fires)

Also,

For these three areas: ocean temps, solar activity, and clouds -- what would the 'concensus' side of the debate say? Why are not these variables worthy of conversation to them?

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/09/2011 00:29:53 MDT Print View

Hi George, Good questions, thanks for the entree.

All those variables are of intense interest to climatologists, but they don't want to converse with 'laymen' about them for several reasons.

Solar: We have sunspot records since 1749, and they indicate the sun got more active in the C20th. However, there is a strong move from NASA guys to reinterpret old geomagnetic data to say the Sun hasn't varied enough to be the cause of warming in the C20th. At the same time they have to invoke the sun to explain climate change before co2 took over so they are in a contradiction, and don't like to discuss it. The only solar measure they will use is TSI, which doesn't vary much (0.1% - enough to cause a 0.07C change in surface temp over the 11 year solar cycle, without considering amplification caused by changes in humidity, cloud cover etc). They won't consider the fact that various wavelengths within the TSI (total solar irradiance) vary a lot more, especially UV. UV variation has poorly known but large effects on ozone, plankton density and etc which have poorly understood but possibly large effects on the absorbance of energy into the ocean, cloud cover, and etc.

Clouds: The elephant in the room. Simple calcs show that a 1% variation in tropical cloud cover could reverse or double the warming trend. We can't measure cloud cover (and droplet size, density etc) accurately enough, so the models assume it remains constant. The empirical data (not without its problems) says cloud cover dropped in the tropics 1979-1998. Empirical study of the satellite data shows overall cloud feedback is negative. The modelers assume it is positive.

Sea surface temp: There's a pretty flat trend in the southern hemisphere. Co2 mixes fairly quickly from where it is emitted worldwide. How is it that global warming supposedly caused by co2 has warmed the northern hemisphere more than the south? The answer would seem to be that back radiation from greenhouse gases warm the land but not the ocean so much. Since the global ocean surface temp drives atmospheric temp, they don't really want to go there.

The fixation with global average surface air temperature masks the underlying important variables:
Ocean heat content, which is only known with reasonable accuracy since 2004, and has been falling, according to people I trust who have managed to get the data.
Outgoing longwave radiation: The error in measurement is three times the claimed co2 signal.

There is a lot that those who call us deniers are in denial of.

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Re: solar flare on 06/09/2011 06:51:26 MDT Print View

Thanks. That helps to frame things up for me.

How about that solar flare?

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/06/110608-solar-flare-sun-science-space/

A mushroom of cooled plasma popped like a pimple and rained onto the surface of the sun yesterday—shooting perhaps the largest amount of solar material into space ever seen, scientists say.

...

"This totally caught us by surprise. There wasn't much going on with this spot, but as it came from behind the sun, all of the sudden there was a flare and huge ejection of particles," said astrophysicist Phillip Chamberlin of NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), one of several spacecraft that recorded the event.

"We've never seen a CME this enormous."

Edited by gmatthews on 06/09/2011 06:53:33 MDT.

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: solar flare on 06/09/2011 06:59:57 MDT Print View

George, the video can be seen here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Q_3u_0NN7OM

It was a magnitude M2.5 flare, not that big surprisingly. But we've never seen footage like this before, amazing.

Folks in Canada might see some aurorae tonight.

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Snow shoes needed for Africa trip on 06/10/2011 22:31:34 MDT Print View

zebra snow

http://www.namibian.com.na/news/full-story/archive/2011/june/article/the-big-freeze-here-today/

photos:
http://www.namibiaweather.info/namibiasnow.php

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Hawaii gets June Snowfall on 06/12/2011 04:26:07 MDT Print View

http://news.yahoo.com/video/honolulu-kitv-18211460/mauna-kea-sees-snow-in-the-summer-25477501

The temperatures observed int he upper atmosphere are the coldest since 1973.

I said to Arapiles a couple of months ago, when my correct prediction of the end of the Australian drought came to pass "Welcome to 1970's weather".

Looks like I was right about that too.

HK Newman
(hknewman) - MLife

Locale: Western US
Re: Mauna Loa vs the jungle and the sky island effect on 06/12/2011 09:23:55 MDT Print View

Mauna Loa is a volcano at 13680 ft. (4170 m) above sea level with historic temperature right above freezing in June. It wouldn't take much for a little snow.

Having just returned from the big island, I can assure you that it was hot at sea level when the sun was shining.

Similarly, in the American desert southwest, our mountains start at 7,000 ft transitioning from desert to forest and at some altitudes even alpine. Even just north of the border with Mexico, at altitude, we've been hit with snow last week of April from northern cold fronts in El Nino years. Let alone Colorado and the rest of the Rockies... Even interior Mexico has snow-capped mountains for decades.

When it comes to American consumption of fuel and production of waste products, don't overlook economics and personal finance. When gas is at $4 per gallon (USD), even car-crazed Los Angeles residents en masse start switching to public transportation (greater Los Angeles is building "Metro" e-train/subway tracks as fast as they can and even Dallas TX is expanding train-based public transport throughout the "Metroplex" - nice train cars). Love our automobiles but frankly most can do WITHOUT long commutes/errands and traffic jams; with increasing the "fast n'furious" racers, talking/texting on cell phones instead of driving, and the increasing amount of elderly driving 25mph in a 50mph fast lane - enough already. Detroit's new SUV line have some killer MPGs but think it'll take an affordable 80 MPG sports-sedan to reverse the trend towards more public transport.

Edit: Sorry for my rant but this is my particular chaff

Edited by hknewman on 06/22/2011 19:42:36 MDT.

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Snow shoes needed for Africa trip on 06/12/2011 10:47:26 MDT Print View

Nic pic of a zero zegree zebra

Good link!

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Hawaii gets June Snowfall on 06/12/2011 10:56:58 MDT Print View

Interesting about the 1970's pattern.

Somewhere over the rainbow way up high

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1bFr2SWP1I

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/12/2011 14:08:30 MDT Print View

George, going back to sea surface temperature, the ENSO index and solar cycles. I've made this graph showing the ENSO since 1950in relation to the solar cycles. What do you notice about when the red El Nino's occur in relation to solar cycles here?

.ssn soi

George Matthews
(gmatthews) - MLife
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/12/2011 17:56:49 MDT Print View

Good work - nice chart. A pattern seems to appear. I'd like to see your forecast drawn into the graph extended out to 2020.

Recently I was browsing the solar cycle at http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SolarCycle/
'solar maximum is now expected to occur in May, 2013'. Was wondering about how that related to the other climate change variables.

Good timing on your chart!

Roger Caffin
(rcaffin) - BPL Staff - MLife

Locale: Wollemi & Kosciusko NPs, Europe
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/12/2011 20:28:59 MDT Print View

> What do you notice about when the red El Nino's occur in relation to solar cycles here?

Frankly, I would have to say I can see zero correlation between the two. The red peaks seem to happen anywhere wrt the green SSN data. Peaks, troughs, rising, falling ...

cheers

Daryl and Daryl
(lyrad1) - MLife

Locale: Pacific Northwest, USA, Earth
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/12/2011 21:58:18 MDT Print View

Roger,

I'm a little concerned about your avatar.

This IS a family-safe, certified forum. Right?

Daryl

jerry adams
(retiredjerry) - MLife

Locale: Oregon and Washington
Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/12/2011 22:03:04 MDT Print View

I agree with Roger, no correlation between El Nino/La Nina and sunspots cycles

The sunspot cycles are very periodic - every 11 years

El Nino and La Nina go all over the place

jerry adams
(retiredjerry) - MLife

Locale: Oregon and Washington
Oh, wow, over 100 on 06/12/2011 22:07:00 MDT Print View

nothing broke

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Monthly sea surface temperature update on 06/13/2011 03:08:38 MDT Print View

George, the ocean dynamics are really hard to predict, particularly when the sun goes into one of it's bicentennial wobbly phases when activity falls far below normal. In general, I think we'll be seeing weaker el nino's and stronger la nina's from now until after solar max around late 2013. Then a couple of stronger el nino's out to 2017, followed by a BIG la nina and an overall fall in global surface temperature just in time for me to collect from Dean. :-)

The general observation I hoped everyone might spot on the ENSO graph from 1950 is that of the 18 El Nino events shown on the graph, 17 of them *start* (i.e. SOI rises above zero) when solar activity has peaked and is falling. The Exception is the small event at 1957, though even that one occurs just following a rapid downspike in solar activity near the peak of the cycle. Most of the big ones seem to start just before or just on solar minimum. Maybe this way of looking at it will help:

.ssn-soi split

I have a hypothesis about why that is. I'd like to work out a way to test the idea with an experiment, and I think Roger Caffin could help me if he's willing.

When I noticed an interesting correlation between solar activity levels and humidity high in the atmosphere, it got me thinking about the many billions of tons of water there is in the atmosphere. Here's the correlation:

.shumidityvsssn

Now, when solar activity is high, the atmosphere and ocean is directly warmed by the Sun more, and this causes more evaporation and an expanded atmosphere carrying more water vapour higher up. This will increase the gravitational potential of the atmosphere and therefore air pressure at sea level. When solar activity drops, the reverse happens, and I think this may be the cause of the sudden upwellings of energy from the ocean that characterise El Nino events. A bit like when you open a bottle of carbonated beverage and the drop in pressure causes the bubles of gas coming out of solution and rising. Indeed, the ENSO index is a measure of sea level pressure differences between Tahiti and Darwin, so there is already a known connection between SLP and ENSO. I want to see if overall pressure changes rather than differentials which also have an effect.

To test this, we could devise some apparatus whereby we have a container with water in, and an airspace above. A couple of digital turkey thermometers let in near the surface and base, and a schreader valve and tyre pump to change air pressure.

I know Roger has some nice equipment for measuring temperature over time and logging the data...

Edited by tallbloke on 06/13/2011 12:40:51 MDT.

Rog Tallbloke
(tallbloke) - F

Locale: DON'T LOOK DOWN!!
Big Ethiopian volcano goes pop. Bad news for late harvesting crops. on 06/13/2011 11:59:25 MDT Print View

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/06/13/dramatic-satellite-images-of-the-ethiopian-eruption/

That's the Red Sea in the middle of the shot, for a sense of scale.

.ethiopia volcano

I'm sceptical of some of the past projected volcanic forcing of climate, for various reasons, but there's no doubt that this one could kick enopugh So2 into the stratosphere to cause some cooling effects on top of the ocean cooling we've already seen.